Portal to the Lesser White-fronted Goose

- by the Fennoscandian Lesser White-fronted Goose project

Literature type: Scientific

Journal: Scientific Reports

Volume: 10 , Pages: 18347

DOI: s41598-020-75315-y

Language: English


Full reference: Díez‑del‑Molino, D., von Seth, J., Gyllenstrand, N., Widemo, F., Liljebäck, N., Svensson, M., Sjögren‑Gulve, P. & Dalén, L. 2020. Population genomics reveals lack of greater white‑fronted introgression into the Swedish lesser white‑fronted goose. Scientific Reports 10: 18347 https://www.dx.doi.org/s41598-020-75315-y

Keywords: reintroduction, farming, introgression, hybridization


Interspecific introgression is considered a potential threat to endangered taxa. One example where this has had a major impact on conservation policy is the lesser white-fronted goose (LWfG). After a dramatic decline in Sweden, captive breeding birds were released between 1981–1999 with the aim to reinforce the population. However, the detection of greater white-fronted goose (GWfG) mitochondrial DNA in the LWfG breeding stock led to the release program being dismantled, even though the presence of GWfG introgression in the actual wild Swedish LWfG population was never documented. To examine this, we sequenced the complete genomes of 21 LWfG birds from the Swedish, Russian and Norwegian populations, and compared these with genomes from other goose species, including the GWfG. We found no evidence of interspecific introgression into the wild Swedish LWfG population in either nuclear genomic or mitochondrial data. Moreover, Swedish LWfG birds are genetically distinct from the Russian and Norwegian populations and display comparatively low genomic diversity and high levels of inbreeding. Our findings highlight the utility of genomic approaches in providing scientific evidence that can help improve conservation management as well as policies for breeding and reinforcement programmes.

Literature type: Report

Language: Swedish (In Swedish)

Full reference: Boberg, C. 2009. Hur ska den biologiska diversiteten bevaras? En granskning av dagens bevarandebiologi. [How shall biodiversity be conserved? An investigation into present conservation biology.] , Självständigt arbete i biologi, 15hp, vårterminen 2009. Institutionen för biologisk grundutbildning, Uppsala universitet

Keywords: Sweden, reintroduction, genetics, introgression

Number of results: 2